Archaeological scientists carry out a range of very specific archaeological functions. They also work directly with archaeologists in specialist areas. They bring specialist skills to help with identification, recovery and analysis on sites.
They may also undertake geophysical surveying and prospection. They may specialise in areas such as:
- Roman pottery.
Scientists may be required to undertake periods of archaeological fieldwork (e.g. specialist sampling). They may also undertake environmental supervision or research in the field. Excavations (sometimes called ‘digs’) take up only part of the work. Much time is spent analysing, recording and publishing discoveries afterwards.
Archaeological finds specialists are responsible for working with archaeologists, in order to:
- Catalogue finds and begin research into the finds in the field
- Work with the public that find items of archaeological interest to identify and catalogue items
- Record, catalogue and package finds, noting where they were found, in what position and numbering and noting any other important facts
- Research into the finds, providing archaeologists with information about dating environment and other aspects of the find
- Contribute to published reports.